Puritan and Quaker Ethics and their Cultural Consequences

I retyped this table from a printout given to me by Ben Hyde.  It was hosted on his web site, but since it doesn't seem to be available, here it is: 

Puritan Ethic

Quaker Ethic

A. Religious Patterns

1. Old Testament

1. New Testament

a. Ten Commandments

a. Sermon on the Mount

b. Law (head and reason)

b. Gospel (love and feeling)

c. Sacred authority: Bible

c. Sacred authority: Inner Light

d. Danger: legalism and rationalism

d. Danger: antinomian mysticism

2. God Transcendent

2. God Immanent

a. Historical Jesus

a. Eternal Christ

b. Servants of God (works)

b. Friends of God (grace)

c. Glorify God in the world

c. Union with God (mysticism)

d. Duty and honor (anxiety-compulsion)

d. Conscience and honesty (peace of mind)

3. Predestination and Election

3. God in Every Person

a. Educated clergy

a. Charismatic laymen

b. Learning and erudition

b. Literacy and education

c. Literature: sermon, history and theology

c. Literature: personal journal

d. Danger: arrogance of elect

d. Danger: plutocracy (“Weighty Friends”)

4. Particular Calling

4. General Calling

a. Professional pride

a. Anti-professional

b. Worldly asceticism (lay monk transforms the world)

b. Worldly asceticism (lay monk withdraws from the world)

c. Institutional philanthropy

c. Spontaneous charity

5. Sources of Evil: Sinful Man

5. Source of Evil: The World

a. Optimistic about institutions, pessimistic about man

a. Optimistic about man, pessimistic about institutions

b. War: crusade against evil enemy

b. War: perfectionist pacifism

B. Cultural Consequences

6. Hierarchical Communalism

6. Egalitarian Individualism

a. Church ideal (dominate community)

a. Sect ideal (withdraw to peers)

b. Institution building (compromise)

b. Anti-institutional (spontaneous perfectionism)

c. Intolerant-responsibly

c. Tolerant-irresponsible

d. Public servant ideal (ideal lawyer: judge)

d. Private citizen ideal (ideal lawyer: advocate)

e. Ideal man: minister-magistrate

e. Ideal person: martyr-mystic

7. Aristocratic-Patrician

7. Democratic-Plutocratic

a. Urban origin and values

a. Rural origin (suburban values)

b. Representative republic

b. Direct democracy

c. Speaking aristocracy and silent democracy

c. Speaking democracy and silent plutocracy

d. Level up (opportunitarian)

d. Level down (egalitarian)

e. Patriarchal

e. Sex equality (matriarchal)

f. Vices: arrogance, pride, chauvinism, provincialism)

f. Vices: smugness, snobbery, self-satisfaction